Submission Guidelines

Style Sheet (2016)

Connecticut History Review

CHR accepts manuscripts in MSWord only (.doc or .docx file format); files in .rtf format are also acceptable. Double-spaced, 10- or 12-point Times New Roman font, with footnotes. Please do not embed illustrations in the text file. Instead, include them as separate .jpeg files.

CHR follows The Chicago Manual of Style (16 th edition) and Merriam-Webster’s 11th Collegiate Dictionary in spelling, hyphenation, italicization, capitalization, use of numbers, punctuation, and other matters of style (

Italics: In English text, italics are used at first occurrence for unfamiliar foreign words, that is, words that do not appear in Merriam-Webster’s 11th Collegiate Dictionary. Italics are not used for proper nouns.

Names of persons mentioned in text should be given in full at first use.

Acronyms can be used only after the full name of the organization is given and the acronym defined, e.g., United States Postal Service (USPS).

Quotations should correspond exactly to the originals in wording, spelling, interior capitalization, and interior punctuation.

Extracts (block quotations) should be used for quoted material of approximately 80 words or more. Shorter quotations should be run in to the body of text.

Ellipses: Observe the distinction between 3-point and 4-point ellipses. Indicate omissions within a quoted sentence by three spaced periods, with no brackets. When the omitted passage includes the end of a sentence, indicate the ellipsis by four periods with no space before the first. Ellipsis points are seldom necessary at the beginning or end of a quoted passage, since the reader normally assumes that something precedes and follows any quotation. (See The Chicago Manual of Style, 13.48-56.)

Insertions of words or comments by the author into quoted matter should be enclosed in square brackets, not parentheses. Such interpolations should be kept to a minimum.

Numbers from 1 to 99 are spelled out; use numerals for larger numbers.

Percentages: Use numerals to express percentages: “3 percent.”

Page citations should appear as 445–47, not 445–447 or 445–7. The same applies to year citations, except in titles and headings. (See The Chicago Manual of Style, chapters 14 and 15).

Dates take the following form in the body of the text: September 4, 1951; and in footnotes: 4 September 1951. Names of centuries are spelled out: “in the seventeenth century” (noun); “seventeenth century” (adj.).



Ibid. (used in roman type) refers to the item preceding and takes the place of as much of the succeeding material as is identical. Ibid. cannot be used when more than one citation has been given in the preceding note.

Op. cit., loc. cit., and idem are not used. For repeated citations use the author’s last name, a shortened title, and pages.

Specific pages should be cited whenever possible; otherwise the whole book or article should be cited. Use of passim and ff. is discouraged.

Omit the abbreviations p. and pp. unless the page number immediately follows another number (as in the date of a newspaper citation or in certain archival references).



Each table should be identified by both a number and a descriptive title. The author should identify all sources used and indicate where each table should be placed in the text. The Chicago Manual of Style discusses table format and style in chapter 3.

Figures (illustrations) are numbered separately from tables, and they also must be identified by descriptive captions. The source for each figure should be identified, and the author should clearly indicate where each figure should be placed in the text.

If the article is accepted for publication, the author is responsible for obtaining permission from the owner of the image to reprint the images and for supplying camera-ready or high-resolution (300 dpi minimum) digital copies of the figures. Image quality is a frequent concern: 72 dpi images copied from the Web or photocopies of newspaper photos, for example, reproduce very poorly.



Footnotes should be prepared within the word processing software, for example by inserting a footnote in MSWord; please do not use any special bibliographic software such as EndNote.

CHR does not use “Bibliography” or “Works Cited.” Footnotes should include all bibliographic information.

Examples of style: (also see Chicago Manual of Style)

Books: Gary B. Nash, Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia’s Black Community, 1720-1840 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988).

Subsequent citations: Nash, Forging Freedom, 1.

Book Chapters: Douglas Arnold, “The Early Community, 1640-1820,” in Greenwich: An Illustrated History A Celebration of 350 Years, ed. Robert Atwan (Greenwich, CT: The Historical Society of the Town of Greenwich, 1990), 1, 3, 5.

Subsequent citation: Arnold, “The Early Community,” 1.

Citation of Multivolume Works: Aristotle. Complete Works of Aristotle: The Revised Oxford Translation, ed. J. Barnes. 2 vols. Bollingen Series. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983).

Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertations: Andrew Walsh, “For Our City’s Welfare: Building a Protestant Establishment in Late-Nineteenth Century Hartford” (PhD diss., Harvard University, 1995), 1.


Citation of entire article: Donald W. Rogers, “A Bibliography Project on Progressive Era Connecticut,” Connecticut History Review 53 (Fall 2014): 202-13.

Citation of specific page or pages: Daniel Vickers, “Beyond Jack Tar,” The William and Mary Quarterly 50, no. 2 (1993): 418.

Newspapers and Magazines:

“A Cleaner City: Pointing the Way,” Hartford Times, 15 February 1912.

When author’s name is available, use the following: Carol Vogel, “New York Public Library’s Durand Painting Sold to Wal-Mart Heiress,” New York Times, 13 May 2005.


Personal Interview: Identify name of person interviewed, the word “telephone,” if applicable; the words “interview by author;” the place of the interview, if applicable; and the interview date (abbreviation of the month is acceptable).

Jonathan Smith, telephone interview by author, 1 Aug. 2010.

Published or Broadcast Interview: A citation for a published or broadcast interview should include the name of the person interviewed; the title of the interview (if any); the name of the person who conducted the interview; and the publication information for the source.


McGeorge Bundy, interview by Robert MacNeil, MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour, PBS, 7 February 1990.

Darcey Steinke, interview by Sam Tanenhaus and Dwight Garner, New York Times Book Review, podcast audio, April 22, 2007,

Archival Sources:

Manuscript citations should always include an identification of the document (which will usually include a date), the name of the collection containing the document, and the repository and city where the document is located; whenever possible identify boxes and/or files within the collection by name or number.


Nathaniel Hawthorne to James W. Beekman, 9 April 1853, letter box 3, James W. Beekman Papers, New-York Historical Society, New York.

“Art Teacher Terms Exhibit at New Britain Institute a Sorry Commentary on French Painting,” New Britain Herald, December 7, 1929, p. 13, clippings volume 1, New Britain Museum of American Art Archives [Hereafter cited as NBMAA Archives].

Eric Roman, “The Jews of Danbury: A History.” (Unpublished manuscript [1979?]), American Jewish Archives.

You can download a PDF of this style sheet here: CHR Style Sheet 2016 FINAL

For submissions and questions, please contact:

Cecelia Bucki, Ph.D.

Editor-in-chief, the Connecticut History Review

Professor of History
Fairfield University
1073 North Benson Road
Fairfield, CT 06824-5195

(203) 254-4000 x2307

Books for review should be sent to:

Nancy Steenburg, Book Review Editor

c/o ASCH

P.O. Box  1333

New London, CT  06320